Bison General Characteristics & Fact
- Bison are large, herbivorous mammals.
- They are native to North America.
- Scientific name: Bison bison.
- They have a distinctive hump on their shoulders.
- Both males and females have curved horns.
- Bison live in grasslands and prairies.
- Bison can weigh up to 2,000 pounds.
- They graze on grasses and other vegetation.
- Bison have a social structure and live in herds.
- Historically, they played a crucial role in Native American culture.
- Bison populations were significantly reduced due to hunting and habitat loss.
- Conservation efforts have helped some populations recover.
- Yellowstone National Park is home to a prominent bison population.
- Bison are often associated with the American West.
- They are strong runners and can reach speeds of up to 35 mph.
- Bison have a shaggy coat to protect against cold weather.
- They use dust baths to help control parasites.
- Bison are an iconic symbol of the American frontier.
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Scientific Classification of Bison
What does Bison eat?
- Grasses: They graze on different types of grasses found in the prairies and grasslands.
- Sedges: Sedges are another type of grass-like plant that bison consume.
- Forbs: Forbs are broad-leaved plants, such as dandelions, clover, and wildflowers, that bison eat.
- Shrubs and woody plants: In some regions, bison may also browse on shrubs and woody vegetation when available.