Palm | Definition, Synonyms, Etymology & Functions


Palm (volar) is an important part of our hands. It is the mid part of the hand. It is also known as metacarpus. The skin in the palm has dermal papillae to amplify friction which are present on the fingers and used for fingerprints. This part of the hand is hairless unlike the other parts and is not able to tan.


It is the central part of the hand between the wrist and the fingers. In the human hand, it is also known as the palmar side of the hand or palmar surface. In Urdu, we describe it as ہتھیلی.


  • Fist
  • Part of hand
  • Paw
  • Mitt
  • Hook


This word originates from the Old English palm of Germanic origin related to the Dutch palm and German Palme from the Latin palma means palm of a hand and its leaf being likened to a spread hand.

About Palm

It is the fleshy part between the fingers and the wrist of the hand. It is characterized by a distinctive pattern of lines and creases known as palm lines. The back side of the fist is known as the dorsal side. It plays an essential role in the motion of the hand.

It helps us in our daily tasks such as gripping and manipulating objects. This has a variety of muscles, tendons, and ligaments that enable the complex movement of the hand. Also, it is a sensitive region that has a lot of nerve endings contributing to physical sensation.


It permits us to hold objects with the fascia among the skin and metacarpals allowing the hand to grip things without sliding the skin out of position. It helps in the accurate movement of hands such as sewing and writing.

Also, it plays a vital role in the capability to understand a variety of textures and finer touch sensations. It is significant for hand coordination, dexterity, and overall functionality of the hand.

Anatomy of Palm


In the human hand, 5 metacarpal bones make and shape the palm. One of the metacarpals attaches to every finger and thumb.


There are three nerves in the fist of the hand which are:

  • Median nerve
  • Ulnar nerve
  • Radial nerve


The four lines are:

  • Life Line
  • Heart line
  • Fate line
  • Headline


  • Ali gazed palm of his hand.
  • Ahmad has a broad palm.
  • Saba put her chin on her palm.
  • He has many vertical lines in his palm.
  • The color of her palm is red.

Palm Pain

It is frequently due to the small injury, bruising, or due to the overuse of the hands.

  • Ganglia
  • Arthritis
  • Fractures
  • Tendinitis Tenosynovitis
  • De Quervain syndrome
  • Raynaud syndrome
  • Deformity
  • Felon

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Mention the thickness of the human fist.

Its thickness may be from 0.8mm to 1.4mm.

How much is the size of the fist of a human?

  • The average size for males: 3.3″inches
  • Average size for females: 2.91′ inches

Which of the joints is in the fist?

The Metacarpophalangeal Joint is in the fist.

Mention the color of the human fist.

  • Light Red
  • Pinkish

Why some the people have small fists?

It is due to a genetic mutation.

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