Lower Body Parts

Lower Parts of the Body

The human body is a highly organized structure that is formed by distinctive cells. These cells work jointly to do the particular functions that are essential for sustaining life. It is like a complex machine and is formed by billions of smaller structures such as organs, cells, and tissues.

The structure of the human body is managed by levels from the smallest components of cells to tissues and organs and organ systems. The complete structure of the human has various parts such as face parts, upper body parts, and lower body parts.

Lower Body

The lower body includes the parts from the hip to the toes of the body. It has several bones, muscles, and ligaments. The lower parts of the body provide support and constancy. Also, it provides us mobility for our daily basis tasks such as walking, running, jumping, and many more.

Lower Body Parts

Some of the lower body parts are given by:

Lower Parts of the Body

Some of the detailed information about the lower parts of the body is mentioned below:


The hip is one of the lower parts of the body. This lower body part is among the thigh bone and the pelvis. It also refers to the acetabulofemoral joint. This part is responsible for various movements such as climbing stairs or walking. Also, it is the major joint for bearing weight in the body.

It is made up of three bones and there is a cavity in each of the hip bones. The muscles in this joint give support to the hip joint. The gluteus maximus and the hamstrings are the primary extensors of the hips. The hips improved athletic performance to reduce the risk of injury. Also, it enhances quality of life. Read more >>>


The thigh is one of the lower parts of the body. This lower body part is the part of the leg that attaches the hip to the knee. It is also known as the femur. The thigh is the strongest part of the body and comprises the biggest muscles.

The muscles in the thigh permit the lower body of the humans to bend and rotate. This body part is necessary for normal walking and for the functions of lower parts such as jumping, running, etc. The thigh keeps the legs and the hips aligned and also bears the almost weight of the body. Also, the thighs assist us in rotating the legs in various directions and provide balance. Read more >>>


The toe is the part of our foot. The toe is the five digits at the end of the foot of the humans. In each human foot, there are five toes. It is also known as Hallux or digitus primus pedis. It is considered a vital part of the movement of the foot and also of the body.

Every toe has 3 phalanx bones. Toes help us in daily routine activities and also give stability to our bodies. Also, it provides balance and stability. The muscles in the toes stabilize the foot and support to sustain the formation of the foot. Also, the muscles in the foot allow various motions such as eversion and dorsiflexion. Read more >>>


This lower body part is the part of the leg. This part is among the thigh and the lower leg. It is also known as the articulation genus. Knees help us in our everyday tasks such as standing and walking etc. The joints in the knees permit the expansion and bending of the legs.

It has 3 bones and two muscle groups such as hamstrings and the quadriceps. It is the biggest joint in the body and attaches the superior leg to the inferior leg. Also, the knees assist us in folding the legs. Also, it bears the weight of the body and acts as a shock absorber. Read more >>>


This lower part joins the lower leg with the foot. It is also known as the talocrural joint or the tibiotalar joint. The ankle allows the movement of the foot in the up and down directions. Also, it is accountable for the constancy and balancing and lessens the friction.

Ankle forms from three bones and permits the lower leg to interconnect with the earth. Also, it is essential for the movement of the leg. The ligaments in the ankles are like strings that join the bones of the foot with the inferior leg bones. They become stable in the joints in the ankle. Also, the ligaments prevent the ankle from bending or folding. Read more >>>


The calf is the lower part of the body. This part is at the back of the lower leg and is also known as sura. The muscles in the calf are responsible for the flexion of the ankle of the foot/ankle. Also, it helps us in our daily basis functions such as running and jumping.

The calf makes us able to stand up straight. It provides constancy to the inferior leg. The muscles in the calf begin under the knee and extend to the ankle. It has 2 bones and provides support to the other parts of the body. Also, the calf bones provide mobility and the ability to walk or stand in a straight position. Read more >>>


The pelvis is one of the lower parts of our body. This part is below the abdomen and is among the hip bones. The bones in the pelvis are the important components of the middle section of the skeleton.

The pelvis comprises the internal organs such as the bladder and the rectum. It helps in the movement and also in the weight transmission. Also, it gives support to the internal sex organs and the urinary bladder.

The shape of the pelvis in the female is round while the pelvis in the male is in heart shape. It provides the area for the attachments of the muscles and also protects the pelvic viscera. Read more >>>


The foot is one of the parts of our lower body. It is also known as pes. It is the advanced organ and is the part of the leg under the ankle. Each of the feet has five digits known as toes. It is the source of movement and is essential in facilitating mobility.

It acts as a solid structure for weight bearing and also works as a flexible structure. We can walk and stand with the help of foot. Their basic function is forward movement and weight bearing. Also, it balances the weight in various angles and positions. It works as a lever to push the body forward during stepping. Read more >>>

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

What are the functions of the lower body?

The lower body plays an important role in the movement, supporting the weight and in standing.

Mention the regions of the lower limb.

  • Thigh
  • Leg
  • Foot

Which of the muscles is essential in the lower limb?

The quadriceps femoris muscle group is essential in the lower limb.

Mention the name of 3 muscles in the lower leg.

  • Tibialis anterior
  • Gastrocnemius
  • Soleus

Mention the name of the largest joint.

The knee is the biggest joint in the body.

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