Melancholic | Definition, Meaning, Synonyms & Antonyms



Casting Light on The Word ‘Melancholic’


“Melancholic” is an adjective used to describe a person or mood that is characterized by a tendency towards sadness, gloom, or a deep and prolonged state of sorrow. It suggests a disposition or emotional state associated with introspection and a sense of melancholy.

Emotional Disposition

“Melancholic” indicates a temperament or personality that tends to lean towards sadness, introspection, and reflection. It suggests a deeper sensitivity to emotions and a propensity for experiencing prolonged periods of melancholy.

Reflective and Thoughtful

The term “melancholic” often connotes a contemplative nature and a tendency to dwell on sadness or sentimental thoughts. It can be associated with a heightened sense of sensitivity and an inclination towards introspection and self-reflection.

Historical Significance

In ancient and medieval medicine, melancholia was considered one of the four humors or temperaments, alongside sanguine, choleric, and phlegmatic. It was associated with the element of earth and was believed to cause a disposition toward sadness and introspection.


Synonyms for “melancholic” include “sad,” “gloomy,” “depressed,” “mournful,” “somber,” “pensive,” “wistful,” and “sorrowful.” These words capture the emotional state and temperament associated with melancholy.


Antonyms for “melancholic” include “cheerful,” “happy,” “joyful,” “lighthearted,” “optimistic,” “upbeat,” and “buoyant.” These words describe emotional states that are opposite to melancholy.

Contextual Usage

“Melancholic” can be used to describe a person’s overall disposition, a specific mood or emotional state, or creative works such as art, music, or literature that evoke a sense of sadness, longing, or melancholy.

Artistic Expression

Melancholy has been a recurring theme in various forms of art, literature, and music, where it can be expressed and appreciated for its introspective and emotionally evocative qualities.

Psychological Considerations

In psychology, melancholia or melancholic features are sometimes associated with depressive disorders. However, it’s important to note that the casual use of “melancholic” does not imply a clinical diagnosis.

Subjective Experience

The experience and perception of melancholy can vary among individuals. While some may embrace or find solace in their melancholic tendencies, others may find it more distressing or debilitating.

FAQs(Frequently Asked Questions)

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