Bengal Tiger | Facts, Diet, Habitat & Pictures

Bengal Tiger | Facts, Diet, Habitat & Pictures

Bengal Tiger Overview


The Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) is a majestic big cat with a distinctive orange to reddish-gold coat marked by black stripes, providing excellent camouflage in its forest habitat.

It possesses a robust build and can weigh up to 550 pounds (250 kg) with a length of about 9 to 10 feet (2.7 to 3 meters) including its tail. Its powerful legs, sharp retractable claws, and keen sense of sight make it a formidable predator.

Origins And Evolution

The Bengal tiger's origins and evolution are rooted in a complex interplay of biological and environmental factors over millions of years. Descending from a common ancestor, tigers diversified to adapt to varying habitats and pressures, leading to the emergence of distinct subspecies.

The Bengal tiger, native to the Indian subcontinent, evolved unique traits to thrive in its forested and grassland habitats, shaped by regional climate and prey availability. Geological shifts and climatic changes further influenced their distribution and genetic development.

Behavior and Lifestyle

The Bengal tiger's behavior and lifestyle exhibit a harmonious blend of stealth, power, and adaptability. As a solitary apex predator, it prowls its territory with calculated precision, utilizing its exceptional stalking skills and agility for successful ambushes.

Nocturnal by nature, it capitalizes on the cover of darkness for hunting, relying on acute senses and night vision. The tiger's territorial nature ensures ample space for hunting and breeding, and its communication involves vocalizations, scent marking, and visual cues.

Scientific Classification

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Carnivora
  • Family: Felidae
  • Genus: Panthera
  • Species: Panthera tigris
  • Subspecies: Panthera tigris tigris (Bengal tiger)

Bengal Tiger Locations

  • India
  • Bangladesh
  • Nepal
  • Bhutan
  • Myanmar (Burma)

Fast Facts

  • Name: Bengal Tiger
  • Scientific Name: Panthera tigris tigris
  • Habitat: Dense Forests
  • Diet: Carnivorous Predator
  • Physical Features: Striking Stripes
  • Nocturnal: Crepuscular Behavior
  • Solitary: Independent Hunters
  • Unique Order: Carnivora Species
  • Lifespan: 10-15 Years
  • Conservation Status: Endangered Species
  • Fun Facts: Excellent Swimmers

Bengal Tiger Physical Characteristics

  • Color: Orange Coat
  • Skin Type: Striped Fur
  • Top Speed: 40 mph
  • Lifespan: 10-15 years
  • Weight: Robust Build
  • Length: Powerful Body
  • Age of Sexual Maturity: 3-4 Years
  • Age of Weaning: 6 Months

Bengal Tiger FAQs

What is the Bengal tiger's scientific name?

Panthera tigris tigris.

Where do Bengal tigers live?

Bengal tigers are primarily found in India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, and Myanmar.

What is the diet of Bengal tigers?

Bengal tigers are carnivores and mainly prey on deer, wild boar, and other ungulates, but they also consume smaller animals like rabbits and birds.

How fast can a Bengal tiger run?

Bengal tigers can reach speeds of up to 40-50 miles per hour (64-80 km/h) in short bursts.

Are Bengal tigers solitary animals?

Yes, Bengal tigers are solitary animals, except during mating and when raising their cubs.

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