Upper Body Parts

Upper Body Parts

Upper body of the human contains all parts of the body above the waist. The human body is a complex and extremely organized structure that is made up of distinctive cells and tissues. These cells and tissues work together to complete the specific functions necessary for sustaining life.

The whole structure of the human body parts comprises various parts as face parts, upper body parts, lower body parts, and many more. The body of a human is a single structure but it is formed by billions of smaller structures such as organs, cells, tissues, and systems.

Upper Body

In humans, the upper body includes all parts of the body above the waist. It has many muscles which are structured into anatomical compartments. These muscles work on the different joints of the shoulders, hand, and arm. Also, the upper parts of the body maintain tone and provide stability. Also, they permit the accurate movement of the fluid.

Upper Body Parts

Some of the upper parts of the body are mentioned below:

Upper Parts of the body

Some of the detailed information about the upper parts of the body is mentioned below:


The neck is one of the upper parts of the body. This body part is among the head and other parts of the body. It is also known as the cervix or collum. It is the flexible part of the spine and permits the movements to scrutinize our surroundings. The proper movement of the neck is essential for survival.

It is a composite structure of muscles, bones, and other tissue. There are almost 20 muscles in the neck and head. They protect the nerves and help in the motion of the head. Also, it assists in metabolism regulation, ingestion, and breathing. It transfers the nervous signals from the brain to other parts of the body. Read more >>>


The shoulders are one of the upper parts of the body. In Latin, it is known as articulatio humeri. It is the joint that joins the neck to the arm. They are the most stretchable joints in our body.

The muscles of the shoulders have a broad range of functions including abduction, adduction, and movement. They permit the arm to rotate and move in various joints. The muscles in the shoulders rotate and protect the joints of the shoulders. Also, these muscles keep the bones of the shoulders in their place. Read more >>>


The arm is a functional unit in the upper part of the body. This body part connects the shoulder to the elbow. It is the most flexible part of the body. Its flexibility decreases with age.  It has a complex network of blood vessels and helps us in the sense of touch.

It helps us to perform our daily basis activities and permits us to interact with the environment. The muscles in the arm allow us the various motions of the arm involving bending, flexion, and supination. It helps the hands to carry things and pick up resources. Read more >>>


The elbow is one of the upper parts of the body. It is a joint among the upper arm and the forearm. In Latin, it is known as articulatio cubiti. The elbow allows us for basic motion and function in the form of extension and flexion. It has several muscles, cartilage, and ligaments.

The range of motion in the elbow is from zero degrees to 150 degrees in flexion. The muscles in the joints of the elbow help us in straightening the arm and in bending the lower arm to the body. Also, it permits the extension and the bending of the forearm. Read more >>>


The hands are the upper part of our body. In Latin, we call it manus. Hands are made up of palms, fingers, and wrists. They perform diverse functions for us.  With the help of these, we can touch, pull, sweep, and carry anything.

Hands make us able to do an extensive range of tasks including touching, gripping, feeling, holding, and stroking. The hand can hold and move objects in different ways such as with a power grip or accuracy grip. Every human hand has one thumb and four fingers but some people have more or less than five digits due to some conditions. Read more >>>


The wrist is the part of our hand. This part of the hand connects the forearm with the hand. In Latin, we describe it as articulation radiocarpalis. It has several bones and joints which permit the hand to move in different directions. The wrist has almost eight bones known as carpal bones.

The joints of the wrist are the radiocarpal joint and provide a wide range of movement needed to sufficiently do everyday tasks. Also, these joints maintain a physiologic level of inherent stability. The main cause of wrist pain is overuse of hands or minor injuries. Read more >>>


Fingers are the part of our hands. They are also known as digits. Every human hand has one thumb and four fingers. These fingers are folded on the palm which permits them to grasp the things. In Latin, it is described as digiti manus.

They are used for doing our daily basis tasks such as taking food and holding tools or things. They work as a fundamental organ of tangible sensation and fine movements. Some of the people have less or more than five digits due to inborn disorders such as polyadactyly. Read more >>>


The chest is one of the upper parts of our body. This part of the body is between the neck and the abdomen.  In Latin, it is called a thorax. The human thorax has the thoracic cavity and the thoracic wall. It has many organs.

The wall of the thorax preserves the organs in the chest like the lungs, heart, etc. It is saved by the bones known as the rib cage which comprises the breastbone and ribs. The muscles in the chest assist in the movement of arms and the shoulders. Read more >>>


The abdomen is the part of the upper part of the body. This body part is among the chest and the pelvis. The other name is Belly. The muscles in the tummy permit keeping organs in place by harmonizing the internal stress of the abdomen.

It contains many of the essential organs such as the stomach, kidneys, and many more. The region that surrounds the abdomen is the abdominal cavity. The abdomen has various important functions such as digestion, breathing, balance, and motion. Read more >>>


Palm is also the part of the hand of our body. It is the middle part of the hand between the fingers and the wrist. Palm’s other name is Metacarpus. It is hairless and is not able to tan contrasting the other parts. Palm helps the hands in their exact movements.

The back side of the palm is the dorsal side. Palm assists us in doing our daily activities. There are five bones in the human hands which are the metacarpal bones that create and form the palm. One of the metacarpals attaches to every finger and thumb. Read more >>>

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Mention the division of the upper body.

The five segments of the upper body are:

  • Torso
  • Shoulder
  • Upper Arm
  • Forearm
  • Hand

Which of the muscles is important in the upper body?

The chest muscle is important in the upper body.

How can I make my muscles strong?

  • By lifting weights
  • By climbing stairs
  • By Cycling
  • By push-ups

Mention the functions of the upper body.

The upper body parts permit the accurate movement of fluid, provide stability, and maintain tone.

Which parts are in the upper limb?

  1. Upper Arm
  2. Forearm
  3. Hand

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