Fire-bellied Toad | Facts, Diet, Habitat & Pictures

Fire-bellied Toad | Facts, Diet, Habitat & Pictures

Fire-bellied toad Overview


The fire-bellied toad, a small amphibian, displays vibrant coloration with bright green or olive-colored skin adorned with striking black marbling patterns on its dorsal surface. Its ventral side is a contrasting fire-red or orange, often featuring black spots.

This toad has a plump, rounded body with slender limbs and webbed feet, facilitating its semi-aquatic lifestyle. Its skin is granular and slightly warty, and it possesses distinct parotoid glands behind its eyes. The fire-bellied toad's appearance serves as a warning to potential predators due to its toxic skin secretions.

Origins And Evolution

Fire-bellied toads, belonging to the family Bombinatoridae, trace their origins to the Early Cenozoic era, approximately 60 million years ago. They are an ancient group of amphibians and represent a unique lineage within the order Anura.

Over millions of years, these toads have maintained their characteristic coloration and adaptations for a semi-aquatic lifestyle in wetlands and forests of Asia and Europe. Their evolutionary history reflects remarkable persistence, with minimal morphological changes.

Fire-bellied toads serve as examples of long-term survival in the ever-changing ecosystems of the world, with their colorful warning patterns signaling their toxic skin secretions.

Behavior and Lifestyle

Fire-bellied toads are semi-aquatic amphibians that inhabit a variety of wetland environments, including ponds, streams, and forests across Asia and Europe. They are diurnal creatures, often active during daylight hours.

These toads are known for their distinctive "sunken reflex," wherein they arch their backs and expose their colorful ventral sides as a warning display to potential predators. They have a voracious appetite for small invertebrates and insects. Fire-bellied toads are social animals and can be found in small groups, particularly during the breeding season.

Scientific Classification

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Amphibia
  • Order: Anura
  • Family: Bombinatoridae
  • Genus: Bombina


  • Germany
  • Poland
  • Russia
  • China
  • Japan
  • Korea
  • Vietnam
  • Romania
  • Hungary
  • Czech Republic

Fast Facts

  • Name: Fire-bellied Toad
  • Scientific Name: Bombina orientalis
  • Habitat: Wetlands, Forests
  • Diet: Insects, Worms
  • Physical Features: Bright Colors
  • Nocturnal: Active Nightly
  • Solitary: Largely Alone
  • Unique Order: Anura Family
  • Lifespan: 10 Years
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern
  • Fun Facts: Toxic Skin

Physical Characteristics

  • Color: Vibrant Patterns
  • Skin Type: Moist Permeable
  • Top Speed: Hopping Agility
  • Lifespan: Up to 15 years
  • Weight: Lightweight Amphibian
  • Length: Compact Body
  • Age of Sexual Maturity: 2 Years
  • Age of Weaning: Early Development

Fire-bellied Toad FAQs

What is a fire-bellied toad?

A fire-bellied toad is a brightly colored, semi-aquatic amphibian found in Asia and Europe.

Why are they called "fire-bellied" toads?

They are named for their vibrant red or orange ventral (belly) coloration.

Are fire-bellied toads poisonous?

Yes, they secrete toxic skin secretions as a defense mechanism.

Can you keep fire-bellied toads as pets?

Yes, they are popular as exotic pets in the pet trade.

Do they live in water or on land?

They are semi-aquatic, spending time both in water and on land.

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