Indian Cobra | Facts, Diet, Habitat & Pictures

Indian Cobra | Facts, Diet, Habitat & Pictures

Indian Cobra Overview


The Indian cobra, also known as the spectacled cobra due to its distinctive hood pattern, is a venomous snake with a sleek, elongated body. Its coloration typically ranges from olive green to brown or black, with lighter scales on its underside.

This species features a prominent, round hood that it can expand when threatened, displaying a menacing spectacle pattern on the back of its hood. Its overall appearance exudes an air of danger and intrigue.

Origins And Evolution

The Indian cobra, scientifically known as Naja naja, has a rich evolutionary history rooted in the snake family Elapidae. This family includes some of the most venomous snakes globally, and the Indian cobra is no exception. It is believed that cobras originated in Asia, with fossil evidence suggesting their presence dating back millions of years.

Over time, these snakes have adapted to various habitats, including forests, grasslands, and human settlements. Their evolution has led to the development of potent venom and distinctive hood markings, making them iconic and sometimes dangerous inhabitants of the Indian subcontinent.

Behavior and Lifestyle

Indian cobras are predominantly terrestrial, but they are also adept climbers. They are known for their solitary nature, except during the breeding season when males seek out females. These venomous snakes are highly venomous, with venom capable of causing paralysis and death in their prey.

They rely on venom to immobilize and digest their prey, which primarily consists of rodents, birds, and other small animals. When threatened, Indian cobras can rear up and expand their hoods in a display of warning or aggression.

Indian Cobra Scientific Classification

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Reptilia
  • Order: Squamata
  • Suborder: Serpentes
  • Family: Elapidae
  • Genus: Naja
  • Species: N. naja

Indian Cobra  Locations

  • India
  • Pakistan
  • Sri Lanka
  • Bangladesh
  • Nepal
  • Bhutan
  • Myanmar
  • Thailand

Fast Facts

  • Name: Indian Cobra
  • Scientific Name: Naja naja
  • Habitat: Varied Environments
  • Diet: Carnivorous Hunter
  • Physical Features: Hooded Serpent
  • Nocturnal: Mostly Diurnal
  • Solitary: Often Solitary
  • Unique Order: Squamata Order
  • Lifespan: 20 Years
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern
  • Fun Facts: Venomous Reptile

Physical Characteristics

  • Color: Varied Patterns
  • Skin Type: Scaled Surface
  • Top Speed: Slithering Motion
  • Lifespan: Around 20 Years
  • Weight: Moderate Body
  • Length: Elongated Serpent
  • Age of Sexual Maturity: 3-4 Years
  • Age of Weaning: Not Applicable

Indian Cobra FAQs

Are Indian cobras dangerous to humans?

Yes, Indian cobras are highly venomous and can deliver a deadly bite if threatened or provoked.

What is the venom of an Indian cobra-like?

Their venom contains neurotoxins that affect the nervous system and can lead to paralysis or death if not treated promptly with antivenom.

Do Indian cobras live in urban areas?

Yes, they are known to inhabit urban areas, which can lead to human-snake conflicts.

How do Indian cobras defend themselves?

When threatened, they can rear up, spread their hood, and hiss as a warning display.

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