Nose | Definition, Synonyms, Antonyms & Anatomy


Nose is the feature of our face. It allows air to enter your body then filters waste and warms and moistens the air.

It gives a sense of smell to you. Also, it helps to shape your appearance. Many general symptoms influence your nasal such as a stuffy nose and nosebleed. Other symptoms may need treatment to keep the nose functioning well.


It is the part of the face that contains two nostrils. These are the organs of the smell. It works as the usual passageway for air in respiration. In humans, it is a distinction in the center of the face formed of bone and cartilage. Also, it serves to change the voice. Medically, it is known as Nasal.


This word originates from Old English nosu of West Germanic origin related to Dutch neus and German Nase, Latin nasus, and Sanskrit nasa also to ness.


  • Snout
  • Sneezer
  • Snuffer
  • Whiffer
  • Nostrils
  • Proboscis
  • Smellers
  • Nares
  • Olfactory Nerves
  • Beak


  • Avoid
  • Ignore
  • Eschew

Main Functions of Nose

  • Breathing
  • Air conditioning of inspired air
  • Protection of lower airway
  • Ventilation and drainage of PNS
  • Nasal Resistance
  • Vocal Resonance
  • Nasal Reflux

Physiological Functions

  • Respiration
  • Air Conditioning
  • Olfaction
  • Vocal Resonance
  • Protection of lower airway
  • Ventilation and drainage of Paranasal Sinuses

Anatomy of Nose

The parts of the nose involve:

  • Bone: The hard solid bridge at the top of the nose is made of bone.
  • Hair & Cilia: They are inside the nasal. They trap dirt and particles. After that, they shift those dirt and particles to the nostrils where they can be wiped out through sneezing.
  • Lateral Walls: It is the outer walls of the nasal. It is made up of cartilage and is covered in skin. These walls form the nasal cavities and the nostrils.
  • Nasal Cavity: This is inside the nose. It lies over the bone that forms the top of the mouth and curves down at the back to link the throat. It is divided into two sections known as nasal passages. During breathing, the air moves through these passages.
  • Nerve Cells: Also, it is known as Neurons. They are such type of cells that sends and receives messages from the brain. In the nervous system, it is the central unit of communication.
  • Nostrils: It is either one of the two holes. Through this, you can breathe, sneeze, and smell. They permit the entry and exit of air through nasal cavities.
  • Nasal Septum: This part is made with both the bone and cartilage. It is in the midline of the nasal. It separates both of the nostrils.
  • Sinuses: They are the air-filled spaces in the skull.  They are connected to nasal cavities. Sinuses are placed at the back of the nasal bones, eyes, cheeks, and forehead. They make such mucus that keeps the nose moist.
  • Turbinates: They are the little structures within the nose. They clean, and moisten the air which passes through the nostrils into the lungs.

Types of Nose

There are many types of noses which some are:

  • Fleshy: It is the most general shape in the world. This type of nose is large and also prominent in shape.
  • Turned-Up: Also, it is famous as the celestial nose. This type is small in size with a hollow at the middle side of the bridge and a high-up tip.
  • Hawk: It has a curved shape and is downward like the beak of the hawk.
  • Greek: It is also popular as the straight nose. This type has an extraordinarily straight bridge without any kind of curves.
  • Roman: It is also known as the Aquiline nose. This type is similar to many ancient Roman sculptures.
  • Bumpy: Also, it is the most common type of shape in the world.
  • Nixon: This type is named after the 37th president of the United States of America because of the iconic feature it resembles. According to the, it is the rare shape of the nose.
  • Rounded: Also, this type is rare. Its shape is like a ball on the end of the nasal.
  • Combo: This type is unique and uncommon. Its shape is a combination of almost all kinds.
  • Snub: This type is also famous as the Wide nose. Its shape is like a long bridge with a wide base. Mostly, African people have this type of nasal.

Disorders of Nose

  • Nasal Polyp
  • Deviated Septum
  • Rhinitis
  • Nosebleed
  • Nasal Valve Collapse
  • Allergies
  • Enlarged Turbinates
  • Neoplasm
  • Nasal Obstruction
  • Sinusitis
  • Small & Taste Disorders
  • Immunodeficiency
  • Fractures
  • Ethmoid Sinusitis


  • Sana has a runny nose.
  • Ali wrinkled his nose in hatred.
  • We cannot breathe without a nose.
  • Saba got a nose ring.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

How many numbers of bones are in the human nasal?

The human nasal has 2 bones.

Mention some facts about the nasal.

The nasal of the human can detect over 10,000 scents.

Which shape of the nasal looks more attractive?

The upturned Shape of the nose looks beautiful.

Name of the organ which connects to the nasal?

The nasopharynx is the organ associated with the nasal.

Mention the layers of the nasal.

  • Skin
  • Fat
  • Fascia
  • Muscle
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