Queen Snake | Facts, Diet, Habitat & Pictures

Queen Snake | Facts, Diet, Habitat & Pictures

Queen Snake Overview


The Queen Snake (Regina septemvittata) is a slender, non-venomous snake with a distinctive appearance. Its body is typically brown or grayish with a distinct pattern of seven narrow, light-colored stripes running along its back, often bordered by darker stripes on each side.

The head is small and slightly flattened, with large, round eyes. Queen Snakes have smooth scales and a pointed snout, contributing to their aquatic adaptation. Their average size ranges from 1 to 2 feet (30 to 60 centimeters) in length.

Origins And Evolution

The Queen Snake, scientifically known as Regina septemvittata, is native to North America and has an evolutionary history dating back millions of years. Fossil evidence suggests the presence of snake ancestors with characteristics similar to the Queen Snake during the Late Cretaceous period.

Their evolution is marked by adaptations for their semi-aquatic lifestyle, including their streamlined body shape and preference for riparian habitats. Over time, Queen Snakes developed specialized behaviors and physical traits to thrive in their habitat, such as their ability to consume crayfish, which forms a significant part of their diet.

The Queen Snake's evolution reflects its remarkable adaptation to freshwater ecosystems, making it a unique and ecologically important species in its range.

Behavior and Lifestyle

Queen Snakes, scientifically known as Regina septemvittata, are primarily aquatic reptiles with fascinating behavior and lifestyle. They are often found in or near freshwater habitats such as streams and rivers. These snakes are highly skilled swimmers and are well-adapted for underwater foraging.

Their diet primarily consists of crayfish, which they capture and consume in aquatic environments. Queen Snakes are known for their secretive nature and are generally non-aggressive, preferring to retreat when encountered rather than displaying aggression.

Queen Snake Scientific Classification

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Reptilia
  • Order: Squamata
  • Family: Colubridae
  • Genus: Regina
  • Species: septemvittata


  • Eastern United States
  • Central United States
  • Northeastern United States
  • Southeastern United States
  • Midwestern United States

Fast Facts

  • Name: Queen Snake
  • Scientific Name: Regina septemvittata
  • Habitat: Streams, Rivers
  • Diet: Amphibians, Fish
  • Physical Features: Slender, Striped
  • Nocturnal: No, Diurnal
  • Solitary: Mostly, Territorial
  • Unique Order: Squamata, Colubridae
  • Lifespan: 8-10 years
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern
  • Fun Facts: Semiaquatic, Egg-laying

Physical Characteristics

  • Color: Brown-green
  • Skin Type: Smooth-scaled
  • Top Speed: Agile swimmer
  • Lifespan: 8-10 years
  • Weight: Lightweight
  • Length: 18-24 inches
  • Age of Sexual Maturity: 2-3 years
  • Age of Weaning: N/A (independent at birth)

Queen Snake FAQs

What is a Queen Snake?

The Queen Snake (Regina septemvittata) is a non-venomous snake species found in North America, known for its distinctive appearance and aquatic lifestyle.

What do Queen Snakes eat?

Their diet mainly consists of crayfish, but they may also consume small fish and amphibians.

Are Queen Snakes venomous?

No, Queen Snakes are non-venomous and pose no threat to humans.

Are Queen Snakes nocturnal?

No, they are mainly diurnal, meaning they are active during the day.


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