Yucatan Pocket Gopher | Facts, Diet, Habitat & Pictures

Yucatan Pocket Gopher | Facts, Diet, Habitat & Pictures

Yucatan Pocket Gopher Overview


The Yucatan pocket gopher, known for its subterranean lifestyle, features a compact, cylindrical body covered in soft, velvety fur, often varying in color from pale gray to reddish-brown. Their small eyes are adapted for life underground, and they lack external ears.

Yucatan pocket gophers have strong, robust front limbs equipped with large claws for digging extensive tunnel systems beneath the earth's surface. Their short, stubby tail is mostly hairless and assists in maneuvering within their underground burrows. These gophers typically measure around 7 to 9 inches in length.

Origins And Evolution

The Yucatan pocket gopher, a small burrowing rodent, has ancient origins dating back to the evolutionary development of gophers. Their evolutionary lineage can be traced to early rodent ancestors, adapting over time to their subterranean lifestyle.

This species, endemic to the Yucatan Peninsula, evolved in response to the unique ecological challenges of this region. Their specialized digging abilities, strong front limbs, and adaptation to underground life reflect the results of millions of years of evolution.

The Yucatan pocket gopher's history showcases nature's capacity to shape species to thrive within specific environments, making it a fascinating example of evolutionary biology.

Behavior and Lifestyle

The Yucatan pocket gopher is a solitary and primarily subterranean creature, spending most of its life underground. These rodents are expert diggers, creating an extensive network of tunnels and caves where they live and forage for food.

They are herbivorous, feeding on plant roots and tubers, and are known to be territorial, defending their burrows from intruders. Their solitary nature and largely subterranean lifestyle help protect them from predators and reduce competition for resources.

Scientific Classification

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Rodentia
  • Family: Geomyidae
  • Genus: Orthogeomys
  • Species: O. hispidus


  • Yucatan Peninsula (Mexico)
  • Belize
  • Northern Guatemala

Fast Facts

  • Name: Yucatan Gopher
  • Scientific Name: Orthogeomys hispidus
  • Habitat: Underground Burrows
  • Diet: Herbivorous Gnawer
  • Physical Features: Fur-covered Cheeks
  • Nocturnal: Nighttime Digger
  • Solitary: Solitary Tunneler
  • Unique Order: Rodentia Family
  • Lifespan: Several Years
  • Conservation Status: Least Concern
  • Fun Facts: Subterranean Lifestyle

Physical Characteristics

  • Color: Brown Fur
  • Skin Type: Furry Coat
  • Top Speed: Burrower's Pace
  • Lifespan: Several Years
  • Weight: Moderate Build
  • Length: Compact Size
  • Age of Sexual Maturity: Breeding Age
  • Age of Weaning: Maternal Care


What is a Yucatan pocket gopher?

The Yucatan pocket gopher is a small burrowing rodent found in the Yucatan Peninsula and nearby regions.

Why are they called "pocket" gophers?

They are called "pocket" gophers because they have fur-lined cheek pouches, or "pockets," that they use to carry food and nesting materials.

Are they nocturnal animals?

Yes, Yucatan pocket gophers are primarily nocturnal, meaning they are most active during the night.

What is their main diet?

They primarily feed on plant roots, tubers, and other underground plant parts.

Do they hibernate?

No, Yucatan pocket gophers do not hibernate. They remain active throughout the year.

Are they solitary animals?

Yes, they are typically solitary and maintain their own burrow systems.

How do they dig their burrows?

Yucatan pocket gophers have strong front limbs with large claws that they use to dig complex underground burrows.

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