Cape Buffalo General Characteristics & Facts
- Scientific Name: Syncerus caffer
- Size: Adult males (bulls) can weigh between 900 to 1,200 kg (2,000 to 2,600 lbs), while females (cows) are slightly smaller.
- Horns: Both males and females have large, curved horns that can span up to 1.6 meters (5.2 feet) across.
- Habitat: Cape Buffaloes inhabit a range of habitats including savannas, grasslands, woodlands, and swampy areas.
- Distribution: Found in sub-Saharan Africa, from South Africa to the Sahel region in the north.
- Social Behavior: They are known to be social animals and are often seen in herds ranging from a few individuals to several hundred.
- Behavior: This can be quite unpredictable and potentially dangerous when threatened. They are known to exhibit aggressive behavior when defending themselves or their herd.
- Diet: Primarily grazers, feed on grasses, but they also consume shrubs and other vegetation.
- Water Dependence: Need regular access to water and often gather around watering holes.
- Predators: Adult Cape Buffaloes have few natural predators, but lions and crocodiles are among the few that might attack them. Calves are more vulnerable.
- Reproduction: Females give birth to a single calf after a gestation period of around 11 months.
- Lifespan: In the wild, they can live up to 15-25 years, while in captivity, they can live longer.
- Conservation Status: Listed as “Least Concern” by the IUCN, but certain populations are threatened by habitat loss and disease.
- Cultural Significance: Cape Buffaloes have cultural importance in various African societies and are often depicted in local art and folklore.
- Tourist Attraction: A popular sighting for wildlife enthusiasts and tourists on safari due to their imposing size and behavior.
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