Cape Buffalo Definition | Characteristics & Facts

Cape Buffalo

Cape Buffalo General Characteristics & Facts

  1. Scientific Name: Syncerus caffer
  2. Size: Adult males (bulls) can weigh between 900 to 1,200 kg (2,000 to 2,600 lbs), while females (cows) are slightly smaller.
  3. Horns: Both males and females have large, curved horns that can span up to 1.6 meters (5.2 feet) across.
  4. Habitat: Cape Buffaloes inhabit a range of habitats including savannas, grasslands, woodlands, and swampy areas.
  5. Distribution: Found in sub-Saharan Africa, from South Africa to the Sahel region in the north.
  6. Social Behavior: They are known to be social animals and are often seen in herds ranging from a few individuals to several hundred.
  7. Behavior: This can be quite unpredictable and potentially dangerous when threatened. They are known to exhibit aggressive behavior when defending themselves or their herd.
  8. Diet: Primarily grazers, feed on grasses, but they also consume shrubs and other vegetation.
  9. Water Dependence: Need regular access to water and often gather around watering holes.
  10. Predators: Adult Cape Buffaloes have few natural predators, but lions and crocodiles are among the few that might attack them. Calves are more vulnerable.
  11. Reproduction: Females give birth to a single calf after a gestation period of around 11 months.
  12. Lifespan: In the wild, they can live up to 15-25 years, while in captivity, they can live longer.
  13. Conservation Status: Listed as “Least Concern” by the IUCN, but certain populations are threatened by habitat loss and disease.
  14. Cultural Significance: Cape Buffaloes have cultural importance in various African societies and are often depicted in local art and folklore.
  15. Tourist Attraction: A popular sighting for wildlife enthusiasts and tourists on safari due to their imposing size and behavior.

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