Sphynx at Definition | Characteristics & Facts

Sphynx cat

Sphynx cat

Sphynx Cat Definition

The Sphynx cat, also known as the sand dune cat, is a small wild cat species native to desert regions of Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, and Central Asia.

Sphynx Cat General Characteristics & Facts

Size and Appearance

The Sphynx cat is a small-sized wild cat, measuring around 19 to 22 inches (48 to 56 centimeters) in length, excluding the tail. It has a stocky and compact body, with a height of about 10 to 12 inches (25 to 30 centimeters) at the shoulder.

Adaptations to Desert Life

Sphynx cats are highly adapted to desert environments.

Nocturnal Behavior

Their large, sensitive ears help them locate prey in the dark.

Habitat and Range

Sphynx cats are found in arid and desert regions of northern Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, and Central Asia. They inhabit various types of desert landscapes, including sandy and stony deserts, gravel plains, and scrublands.

Hunting and Diet

Sphynx cats are carnivorous predators. They also consume reptiles, birds, and insects. Sand cats are adept hunters and have excellent hearing and night vision, allowing them to locate and capture their prey efficiently.

Solitary Nature

Sphynx cats are mostly solitary animals, except during the breeding season when they form temporary pairs.


Sphynx cats breed during specific periods of the year, varying based on the region.

Head and Facial Features

The Sphynx cat has a broad and round head with a short muzzle.

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Scientific Classification of Sphynx Cat

Kingdom: Animalia (Animals)

Phylum: Chordata (Chordates)

Class: Mammalia (Mammals)

Order: Carnivora (Carnivores)

Family: Felidae (Sphynx Cats)

Genus: Felis

Species: Felis margarita

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Key Locations of Sphynx Cat

  • Algeria
  • Morocco
  • Tunisia
  • Libya
  • Egypt
  • Niger
  • Chad
  • Sudan
  • Israel
  • Jordan
  • Saudi Arabia
  • United Arab Emirates
  • Oman
  • Yemen
  • Iran
  • Iraq
  • Pakistan
  • Afghanistan
  • Turkmenistan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Uzbekistan
  • Tajikistan
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Mongolia
  • China (Northwest region)

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