Aesthetic – Definition, Meaning, Synonyms & Antonyms

Aesthetic – Definition, Meaning, Synonyms & Antonyms

Aesthetic meaning refers to the appreciation of beauty and artistic qualities, encompassing one’s sense of taste and visual appeal.

History of the Word Aesthetic

Ancient Origins

The concept of aesthetics has deep historical roots. In ancient Greece, philosophers like Plato and Aristotle explored the nature of beauty and art’s role in society.

18th-Century Development

The term aesthetic gained prominence in the 18th century during the Enlightenment. German philosopher Alexander Baumgarten is often credited with coining the term aesthetik, referring to the study of sensory perception and the appreciation of beauty.

Kant’s Influence

Philosopher Immanuel Kant’s work, particularly his “Critique of Judgment” (1790), significantly contributed to the development of aesthetic philosophy. Kant explored the subjective nature of aesthetic judgments and the idea of a universal sense of beauty.


The Romantic movement in the 19th century celebrated individual expression and emotional experiences in art and literature. Aesthetic appreciation became a central theme in this era.

Modern Aesthetics

In the 20th and 21st centuries, aesthetics has continued to evolve with movements like modernism, postmodernism, and contemporary art. It encompasses a wide range of visual, auditory, and sensory experiences.

English (Aesthetic As Adjective)


It originates from the Greek word aisthētikos, related to perception through the senses.


Pronunciation of Aesthetic: /ɛsˈθɛtɪk/.

Forms of Aesthetic

Adjective Aesthetic
Comparative Degree more aesthetic
Superlative Degree most aesthetic
Adverb aesthetically
Noun aesthetics


  • Artistic
  • Beautiful
  • Pleasing
  • Tasteful
  • Attractive
  • Stylish
  • Elegant
  • Visual
  • Graceful


  • Unattractive
  • Ugly
  • Unaesthetic
  • Tasteless
  • Garish
  • Gaudy
  • Crude
  • Unrefined

Derived Terms

  • Aesthetically
  • Aesthetics

Translations of Aesthetic

  • Aesthetic meaning in Hindi: सौंदर्यिक (saundaryik)
  • Urdu: حسین (husn)
  • Spanish: estético
  • French: esthétique
  • German: ästhetisch
  • Chinese (Simplified): 美学的 (měixué de)
  • Arabic: جمالي (jumali)
  • Russian: эстетический (esteticheskiy)
  • Japanese: 美学的な (bigakuteki na)
  • Italian: estetico

Example Sentences

  • The artwork’s aesthetic quality is captivating.
  • Her fashion choices reflect her unique aesthetic.
  • The garden was designed with an emphasis on aesthetics.

FAQS (People May Also Ask)

Q: What does aesthetic mean in art?

Ans: It refers to the artistic quality or visual appeal of an artwork.

Q: Is aesthetics subjective or objective?

Ans: Aesthetics often involves subjective judgments of beauty but also encompasses objective elements.

Q: Can aesthetics apply to other senses besides vision?

Ans: Yes, it can involve auditory, tactile, and even olfactory experiences.

Q: How can I improve my aesthetic sense?

Ans: Explore art, design, and different cultural expressions to broaden your aesthetic appreciation.

Q: Is aesthetic beauty the same as inner beauty?

Ans: No, they refer to different aspects of beauty—one is external, the other internal or moral.

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