Rabbit Definition | Characteristics & Facts



Rabbit Definition

Rabbits are small mammals belonging to the family Leporidae, and they are known for their long ears, fluffy tails, and hopping locomotion. They are found in various parts of the world and are popular as pets, as well as being bred for fur, meat, and laboratory purposes.

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Physical Characteristics

Rabbits have a compact body with long ears and a small fluffy tail. They come in different sizes and colors, ranging from small breeds like Netherland Dwarfs to larger breeds like Flemish Giants. Their fur can be short or long, and they molt throughout the year.


Rabbits are found in diverse habitats, including forests, grasslands, meadows, deserts, and even urban areas.


Rabbits are herbivores, primarily feeding on vegetation such as grass, leaves, and twigs. They have specialized teeth that continuously grow throughout their lives to help them efficiently grind and digest plant material.


Rabbits have the ability to reproduce rapidly. Female rabbits, called does, have a gestation period of around 30 days and can give birth to a litter of 4 to 12 kits. The kits are born hairless and with closed eyes, but they quickly develop and grow under the care of their mother.


Rabbits are generally social animals, although their social structures vary among different species. Body language, vocalizations, and scent marking are their communication ways.


Rabbits play a role in ecosystems as both prey and seed dispersers. They are also popular pets worldwide, cherished for their playful and affectionate nature. In some cultures, rabbits are associated with symbolism and folklore.

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  • Size: Rabbits vary in size depending on the species and breed. They typically have a compact body shape with a length ranging from 9 to 28 inches (23 to 71 centimeters) and a weight between 0.5 to 20 pounds (0.2 to 9 kilograms).
  • Ears: Rabbits are known for their long and upright ears, which can measure up to 4 to 5 inches (10 to 13 centimeters) in length. Their ears serve various purposes, including enhancing hearing abilities and regulating body temperature.
  • Coat: Rabbits have soft and dense fur that comes in a variety of colors and patterns.  Common colors include gray, brown, white, black, and combinations of these.
  • Eyes: Rabbits have large and round eyes positioned on the sides of their head, providing them with a wide field of vision. They have excellent eyesight, allowing them to detect movement and potential threats.
  • Teeth: Rabbits possess specialized teeth that continuously grow throughout their lives. They have a pair of long and sharp incisors in the upper and lower jaw, which they use for biting and chewing vegetation.
  • Legs and Feet: Rabbits have powerful hind legs designed for jumping and rapid movement. They have padded feet with fur on the soles for traction.
  • Tail: Most rabbits have a small and fluffy tail, which varies in length depending on the species. Their tail is typically inconspicuous and often blends with the fur.
  • Overall Appearance: Rabbits have a distinctive appearance with their compact body, long ears, and fluffy fur. Their agile and nimble movements are aided by their strong hind legs, which allow them to leap and change direction quickly.

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Scientific Classification of Rabbit

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Mammalia

Order: Lagomorpha

Family: Leporidae

Genus: Oryctolagus (European rabbit)

Species: O. cuniculus

Key Locations of Rabbit

  • United States
  • United Kingdom
  • Australia
  • Canada:
  • France
  • Spain
  • China
  • Brazil
  • New Zealand
  • Germany

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Rabbit FAQs

What Rabbit Eats?

  • Hay
  • Fresh Vegetables
  • Pellets
  • Fresh Fruits
  • Water

What are baby rabbits called?

Baby rabbits are called kits or kittens.

How long is the gestation period for rabbits?

The gestation period for rabbits is approximately 31 to 33 days.

How many offspring can a rabbit have in one litter?

Rabbits can have litters ranging from 1 to 14 or more kits, depending on the breed and individual rabbit.

Do rabbits hibernate?

No, rabbits do not hibernate. They are active throughout the year and adjust their behavior and metabolism to cope with changing seasons.

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