Congenial - Definition, Meaning, Synonyms & Antonyms

Congenial

Congenial meaning is pleasant, friendly, and compatible, having a likable or agreeable nature. It is often used to describe people or environments.

History

Ancient Roots

The term congenial traces its roots to the Latin word congenialis, meaning of the same nature or kindred. In ancient times, it referred to a shared temperament or disposition.

Middle Ages and Renaissance

During the Middle Ages and Renaissance, "congenial" evolved to denote harmony between individuals, especially in the context of friendships and relationships. It was commonly used in writings of this period to describe people who got along effortlessly due to shared qualities.

18th Century Enlightenment

In the 18th century, the term gained prominence during the Enlightenment era, reflecting the growing emphasis on personal compatibility and individuality. It began to encompass a broader sense of compatibility and affinity with one's surroundings and circumstances.

Modern Usage

Today, it describes people, places, or situations that are harmonious, agreeable, and pleasant. It can refer to anything that feels comfortable and well-suited to one's personality or preferences.

English (Congenial As Adjective)

Etymology

The word was congenial derives from the Latin "congenialis," meaning "of the same nature," emphasizing harmony and compatibility.

Pronunciation

Pronunciation: /kuhn-JEEN-ee-uhl/

Forms of Congenial

Adjective Congenial
Comparative Degree More congenial
Superlative Degree Most congenial
Adverb Congenially
Noun Congeniality

Synonyms

  • Pleasant
  • Friendly
  • Agreeable
  • Harmonious
  • Compatible

Antonyms

  • Hostile
  • Unpleasant
  • Incompatible
  • Discordant
  • Unfriendly

Derived Terms

  • Congeniality
  • Congenially
  • Congenialness

Translations of Congenial

  • Urdu: موزوں (Mozoon)
  • Congenial meaning in Hindi: मिलनसर (Milansar)
  • Spanish: Afable
  • French: Agréable
  • German: Angenehm
  • Chinese (Mandarin): 宜人 (Yírén)
  • Japanese: 心地よい (Kokochiyoi)
  • Russian: Симпатичный (Simpatichny)
  • Arabic: لطيف (Lateef)
  • Italian: Piacevole

Examples Sentences

  • A congenial atmosphere at the party.
  • Their congenial personalities clicked instantly.
  • The workplace's congenial environment boosted productivity.

Congenial FAQs (People May Also Ask)

What does congenial mean?

Congenial means friendly, agreeable, and compatible, often describing people, places, or situations that are pleasant and harmonious.

How is congenial pronounced?

It is pronounced as kuhn-JEEN-ee-uhl.

What are some synonyms for congenial?

Synonyms include pleasant, friendly, agreeable, harmonious, and compatible.

What is the opposite of congenial?

The antonyms include hostile, unpleasant, incompatible, discordant, and unfriendly.

Can congenial be used to describe both people and environments?

Yes, it can be used to describe both individuals who get along well and environments that are pleasant and comfortable.

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