A gene is a specific sequence of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) that contains the instructions for building and maintaining an organism. Genes are the basic units of heredity and determine the traits and characteristics of living organisms. They play a crucial role in the transmission of genetic information from one generation to the next.
The term “gene” was first coined by the Danish botanist and geneticist Wilhelm Johannsen in 1909. It is derived from the Greek word “genos,” meaning “race” or “origin.”
- Genetic element
- DNA sequence
- Genetic code
There are no direct antonyms for the term “gene” since it represents a specific concept within genetics. However, one could consider broader terms like “environmental factors” or “epigenetics” as contrasting concepts, as they refer to factors other than genes that can influence an organism’s traits.
An example of a gene is the one responsible for determining eye color in humans. The gene for eye color contains the instructions for producing a pigment called melanin, which determines whether a person will have blue, green, brown, or another eye color. This gene is passed down from parents to their offspring, and variations in the gene can lead to different eye colors in different individuals.
FAQs(Frequently Asked Questions)
What is gene as a noun?
As a noun, “gene” refers to a specific sequence of DNA that carries genetic information and determines a particular trait or characteristic in an organism. It is the fundamental unit of heredity and is responsible for transmitting genetic instructions from one generation to the next.
How do you use gene noun in a sentence?
- “The inheritance of the gene for red hair resulted in multiple family members having vibrant red hair color.”
What type of word is gene?
The word “gene” is a noun.
What is gene in your own words?
In simple terms, a gene is a segment of DNA that carries instructions for building and controlling different aspects of an organism. It serves as a blueprint or recipe that determines traits, characteristics, and biological functions. Genes play a crucial role in heredity, passing genetic information from parents to their offspring, and they contribute to the incredible diversity of life on Earth.
What is the function of gene?
The primary function of a gene is to carry the instructions necessary for the synthesis of specific proteins or functional RNA molecules. These instructions determine various traits, characteristics, and biological processes in an organism. Genes play a vital role in the development, growth, and maintenance of cells, tissues, and organs.
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