Economics | Definition, Etymology, Synonyms & Antonyms

Economics

Economics (noun)

Definition

We can define economics as a social science that studies the distribution, production, and consumption of goods and services. It involves analyzing how individuals, businesses, and governments make choices regarding the allocation of resources to satisfy their needs and wants.

Economics also explores the interactions between supply and demand, market dynamics, pricing, economic growth, employment, inflation, and various economic systems and policies.

Etymology

The word "economics" comes from the Greek word "oikonomia," which means "household management" or "administration of a household." The term was derived from "oikos" meaning "house" and "nomos" meaning "law" or "custom."

Synonyms

  • Economic science
  • Political economy
  • Economic theory
  • Financial science

Antonyms

  • Non-economics
  • Non-economic
  • Non-financial

Example

The study of economics provides insights into how individuals and societies allocate scarce resources.

FAQs(Frequently Asked Questions)

What is economics as a noun?

Economics, as a noun, refers to the branch of knowledge or the academic discipline that deals with the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services, as well as the study of economic systems, policies, and theories.

How do you use economy in a sentence noun?

Sentence: "The country's economy experienced rapid growth last year."

What are the three questions of economics?

The three fundamental questions of economics are:

  • What to produce? This question addresses the selection of goods and services to be produced in an economy. It involves decisions about the types of products and services that will best satisfy the needs and wants of individuals and society as a whole.
  • How to produce? This question focuses on the methods and techniques used in the production process. It involves determining the most efficient and cost-effective ways to transform inputs (such as labor, capital, and resources) into outputs (goods and services).
  • For whom to produce? This question relates to the distribution of goods and services among different individuals and groups in society. It considers how the produced goods and services are allocated and who gets to benefit from them, taking into account factors like income distribution and societal priorities.

Who is the father of economics?

The Scottish economist Adam Smith is often referred to as the "father of economics.

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